Muniment of Title Q & A
Q: What is a muniment of title?
A: It is a unique Texas procedure where the will is filed through a probate proceeding to transfer ownership of real estate in Texas to the beneficiaries in the will without a deed or a full probate.
Q: Can I do this without a will?
A: No, a will needs to exist.
Q: Why do I need to transfer real estate?
A: When a person dies and has real estate title in his or her name or partially in his or her name, the property cannot be sold or transferred until he or she signs off on it. Since he or she is dead, that is impossible. So the deceased's name needs to be removed from the title to sell or transfer the property. The muniment of title process is one way to do this.
Q: What if the deceased owns other property besides real estate in Texas?
A: In this case, a more elaborate type of probate will be required.
Q: What is the deceased owned only real estate but did not have a will?
A: There are other procedures that may help in this situation, such as affidavits of heirship. It is possible that a probate will be required or helpful, depending on the exact facts of the situation.
Q: Why consider doing a muniment of title?
A: If there is a will and only real estate in Texas is owned by the deceased, it is one of the least expensive ways to "settle" the deceased's affairs.
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